Art Culture, History

Linge! Bersatulah Gayo

Oleh: Alfazri*

Ada yang terasa janggal dalam kehidupan masyarakat Gayo, bila mereka tidak mengerti siapa diri mereka sebenarnya. Siapa dan bagaimana perjuangan kerajaan Linge, sebuah kerajaan berada di dalam lingkaran hutan yang melahirkan kerajaan terkemuka di Aceh, dengan Aceh Darussalamnya.

Tanpa Linge tidak akan ada kerajaan Aceh Darussalam. Tetapi sayang, sebagian dari rakyat Gayo kurang memaknai bagaimana pendahulunya membangun kebersamaan dalam meraih sebuah karya yang gemilang.

Kiranya tidak salah, kita menggulang kaji bagaimana Linge yang telah mengukir sejarah melahirkan gerenasi tangguh. Lenge, begitu asal kata Linge. Dalam bahasa Gayo, Linge berarti  “suaranya”.

Jauh sebelum kerajaan Aceh Darussalam berdiri, Linge adalah sebuah kerajaan  yang terpisah dan berdiri sendiri. Kerajaan Linge di bawah pimpinan Adi Genali, mampu mengibarkan sayabnya dengan mengirimkan anak kandungnya, Merah Johan untuk menaklukan kerahaan Indraparta di Banda Aceh. Continue reading “Linge! Bersatulah Gayo”

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Art Culture, General

Didong

Didong The Traditional Art of Gayo

Didong The Traditional Art of Gayo
Didong The Traditional Art of Gayo

Communities in Aceh Tengah Gayo live in the mountains or plateaus. They still preserve the artistic culture of one nation is Didong. Didong is a traditional art that is very popular and desired by Gayo society. The artist was called with the title-ceh ceh Didong. There are several names Didong famous players, including Lakiki CEH, CEH To’et, Daman CEH, CEH Ibrahim Kadir, Lakiki Ujang CEH, CEH Ucak, Seven CEH, CEH Session Temas Idris, and CEH Abd Rauf.

Didong a performance art done by the men in groups (usually numbering 15 people), with free expression, as he sat cross-legged or standing, stamping his feet. They recite verses Gayo language with melodious voice, while manabuh drum, pillow or saucepan and clapped as varied, so that the sound and motion create a beautiful and interesting.
B. Privileges
Traditional performing arts that became the pride of Gayo society is able to survive today in the midst of technological developments and the influence of westernization. People do not get enough of watching ceh-ceh Didong berdidong in almost every night the week. Was done to show the whole night (from evening until dawn).

Poems are recited by the power of fusion art configuration of motion, literature and sound like “voodoo” the audience to “drift” and continue to listen to the social and religious reflection Continue reading “Didong”

Art Culture

Governor Horse Race

Visit Aceh year 2008,Governor will take part in the horse race

The annual celebrations for Indonesia’s 63nd independence anniversary and Visit Aceh Year 2008 in the Regency Aceh Tengah, will be held by the sport activity and the art exhibition.

Gayonese youths ride their horse during traditional horse race (Pacu kude) in Takengon, Central Aceh August 26, 2007. The event is part of the annual celebrations for Indonesia's 62nd independence anniversary.  REUTERS/Tarmizy Harva (daylife.com)
Gayonese youths ride their horse during traditional horse race (Pacu kude) in Takengon, Central Aceh August 26, 2007. The event is part of the annual celebrations for Indonesia's 62nd independence anniversary. REUTERS/Tarmizy Harva (daylife.com)
Two jockeys Childrens  encouraged his horse in the traditional race that took place in the Blang Bebangka Village, Pegasing District, Middle Aceh. Serambi/Hari Teguh Patria
Two jockeys Childrens ride their horse in the traditional race that took place in the Blang Bebangka Village, Pegasing District, Middle Aceh. Serambi/Hari Teguh Patria

Header Official affiliation, tourism and culture Middle aceh (Aceh Tengah), Drs Zulkifli Rahmat, on Tuesday (5/8), said, the race activity and the performance will colour Visit Aceh year 2008 and commemorated the 63 Indonesia BIRTHDAY. The race consisted of 14 branch sorts of sport, football, volleyball, athletics, basketball, takraw, wall Climbing, motor racing etc.

From the aspect of the culture, said Zulkifli, the traditional Gayo horse race that joined by four regencies, that is Aceh Tengah, Bener Meriah, Gayo Lues, and Bireun, will become the interesting show. “The horse racing during this year would in followed by the horse of Nad Governor, by the name of Cakradonya horse,” he said.

Continue reading “Governor Horse Race”

Art Culture, History

Bines Dance

The Story of Bines Dance

Bines, dance art that was born from restraint towards the standards of the life. The restraint was carried out by a girl who was named the Ni Malelang Ode. He was punished until dying.His mother mourned. The lament beginning of the birth Bines dance.

The linge girl with gayo traditional clothes played the movement of the bines dance, One of the dance to welcome the important guests in the cultural Gayonese tradition. Bines dance was shown during the appointment agenda of the seven house (Umah Pitu Ruang) Linge Kings,in the former royal complex of linge,Linge Subdistrict, ACeh tengah (Middle Aceh) Regency.Photo-Serambi/JALIMIN
The linge girls with gayo traditional clothes played the movement of the bines dance, One of the dance to welcome the important guests in the cultural Gayonese tradition. Bines dance was shown during the appointment agenda of the seven house (Umah Pitu Ruang) Linge King's,in the former royal complex of linge,Linge Subdistrict, ACeh Tengah (Middle Aceh) Regency.Photos-Serambi/JALIMIN

According to T Alibasyah Talsya in the Aceh book Kaya Budaya ( rich in Cultural ) (1972) The  bines dance was played by several people of the girls. The story of the beginning of the birth of this dance began with the incident that was full of the disgrace. The disgrace struck the Ni Malelang Ode, that was already done made adultery with a young man.

He was afterwards whipped with the whip punishment, because of could not keep this lashing, the Ani Malelang Ode died and made his mother mourn his trip.The mother of the Ni Malelang Ode, really was stricken, in his sorrow that was covered by the sadness and the embarrassed feeling resulting from the conduct of his child, the mother mourned and asked for compassion in front of the crowd while going a step for the sake of a step surrounded his child’s body.The sadness the mother made people around it be touched, then one by one the relative, the neighbours as well as people who took part in being sad in the place. They continued to follow the mother mourned while surrounding the body of the Ni Malelang Ode. According to Talsya, the mother’s lament when surrounding the body of the Ni Malelang Ode the beginning of birth Bines dance. Continue reading “Bines Dance”

Art Culture

Saman Dance

The history of saman and development

Saman Dance.Photo-Groups.yahoo.com/ipgl_jakarta
Saman Dance.Photo-Groups.yahoo.com/ipgl_jakarta

Saman or a thousand hands Dance were the traditional dance withered Gayo people that came from Blangkejeren,Gayo lues Regency. “Saman” name was taken from the person who created and developed of this dance,Syeikh Saman, that is one of the Muslim scholars who spread the Islam religion in Nanggroe Aceh darussalam,Sumatra, Indonesia.The poem language or the song that was used Arabic and Gayo that contained the religious message,satire,idyl advice and the quatrain love. The dance was known with several name kinds That is:

1.Saman Gayo (Aceh tenggara,Gayo lues,Bener meriah And Aceh tengah Regency)
2.Saman Lokop (Gayo Lokop, Aceh timur Regency)

That not yet in found the explanation that was more specific concerning the equality and the difference of the dance saman from respectively the area.But,I’m a Gayonese that was domiciled at the Bener Meriah Regency at least a little know about the equality and the difference of the Saman dance from the two areas. The equality of the Two saman this used the Gayo language,and the difference only in the Gayo variation diaelek,  Kerawang (traditional Gayonese clothes) and the colour of kerawang.The Saman dance only was not take pleasure in the Gayo community,but also by the wider public community,Moreover down to foreign.That caused saman often experienced Changed. Although also the saman change in the person’s circle gayo.But,The originality still continue to in maintained now.

If want to watch the performance of saman dance that still original,may visited blangkeren the Gayo lues regency,or watch the Video original Gayo saman dance on youtube .Usually the contest Saman agenda was carried out a year very much coincided in the agenda celebrated the Republic of Indonesia birthday in August.in days of yore,The dance showed in the special traditional agenda.Among them in the ceremony commemorated the birthday of prophet Muhammad’s saw, And what is more, contemporary This dance was shown also in the formal agendas,like as,guests’s visit the statesmanship,or in the opening of a festival and the other agenda.

The dance saman including one of the dances that was unique enough, cause only put forward the movement of other clap hand and the clap chest, like the movement Guncang,Kirep,Lingang,Surang-Saring (all these movements were gayo language).

The saman player wore the typical gayo clothes (kerawang).Photos-Winbathin.blogspot.com
The saman player wore the typical gayo clothes (kerawang).Photos-Winbathin.blogspot.com

The saman dance played not less than 13 Man,The important the amount must be odd.In the next development,Saman dance also was played by the woman group.The other opinion this Dance was danced approximately from 10 person,by details 8 dancers and 2 people as the command giver while song.for arranged various movements was pointed out by a leader who was mentioned syeikh.In addition to arranged the movement Dancers,Syeikh also was assigned to sing song saman poems.

The Saman dancers wore the typical uniform costume kerawang gayo,with Bulang teleng in the head,The cover of the neck as well as the bracelet in two the wrist. In The perform, the dancer sat lined up long nearby with genuflection.Syeikh sat in the middle of the others dancers.The movement and the song that were song had relations wiht dynamic,synchronism and showed the solidarity.This dance was preceeded with the movement slow voice,with the clap hand,dabn the clap chest and clap thigh,As well as lifted the hands above in the turn manner.long increasingly,The movement of this dance was increasingly fast until this dance ended. / Ariga (uranggayo.wordpress.com)

See also:

http://www.facebook.com/samandance

http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tari_Saman

Update: Nov 11 2009

Art Culture

Guel Dance

The story of the Guel dance

Several daughters in the Bener Meriah regency showed his expertise when welcoming the guest of the area with the Guel dance.Photo-winbathin.blogspot
Several daughters in the Bener Meriah regency showed his expertise when welcoming the guest of the area with the Guel dance.Photo-winbathin.blogspot.com

The Guel dance was one of the Gayo cultural treasuries in Naggroe ACeh Darussalam province (Nad). Guel was significant sounded. Especially in the area of the plateau gayo, this dance had the long and unique story. The researchers and the dance choreographer said this dance not merely the dance. He was the combination from literature art, musical art and the dance art personally.

In his development, the Guel dance emerged sank, but Guel became the tradition dance especially in the certain traditional ceremony. Guel fully the appreciation of the shape of nature, the environment was afterwards composed so by the form through the symbolic movement and rhythm stamping. This dance was the informative media. The solidarity in solid the border between art Literature, music/the voice, the movement enabled to be developed (collaboration) in accordance with the spirit of the time, and the change in the pattern thought the local community.Guel certainly had philosophy was based on the history of his birth. Then extension in the 90 ‘s this dance became the object The research amount survesor domestic and foreign.

The Aceh Special District regional government Continue reading “Guel Dance”

Art Culture, Social

GaYo Language

GaYo Language

Gayo language (bahasa Gayo) It was the language that said by the Gayo ethnic group in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, that was focussed in the Regency aceh Tengah (Central Aceh), Bener Meriah, Gayo Lues and the subdistrict serbejadi in the aceh Timur (East aceh) regency.
The three areas were the core territory of the Gayo ethnic group.This language including the Sunda-Sulawesi language group from the Austronesia language.
The Gayo language was one of the available languages in the Indonesian Archipelago.The existence of this language equally old him with the existence of the Gayo people “urang gayo” That himself in Indonesia.We could not separate the Gayo language from his speaker vice versa.
While the person Gayo was the original ethnic group that lived in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.They had the language, the customs and traditions personally that distinguished their identity from other ethnic groups available in Indonesia.The area of their residence was personally mentioned with tanoh Gayo (Gayo land), to be precise was in the middle of the province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Sumatra, Indonesia.

Available languages in the Indonesian Archipelago entered the Austronesia group (Merrit Ruhlen in the Attraction of the Language Indonesian Archipelago approach 21 century: 27).Whereas the Gayo Language including in the group of the language of Melayo-Polynesia like that was named by Domenyk Eades in his book of A Grammar of Gayo: A Language of Aceh, Sumatra:

“Gayo belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family of languages. Malayo-Polynesian languages are spoken in Taiwan, the Philippines, mainland South-East Asia, western Indonesia…”(Eades 2005:4)

This language (the Gayo language) was part of the language of Melayo-Polynesia, and dikelompokan in the Austronesia part like that it was mentioned Merrit Ruhlen above.
Specially, was still not known when and periodesasi the development of this language (Gayo).
That was certain, this language had been since this ethnic group occupied this area.
The person Gayo has personally occupied Aceh (Perlak and Pase, the east coast and some north Acehinese coasts) since before masehi (Ibrahim, 2002:1). Continue reading “GaYo Language”